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Kevin Barry Papers

Abstract A collection of material relating to Kevin Barry, who was executed for his part in the killing of three British soldiers in 1920. The collection includes material associated with his days at Belvedere College, his year as a medical student in UCD, and his brief time in custody at Mountjoy Prison before execution. The majority of the collection is composed of material gathered by Kathy Barry Maloney, Barry's sister, after his death.

Date
1864/1964
Extent
56 items
Type of resource
text mixed material
Repository
UCD Archives
Repository reference
P93
Language
English
Biographical/historical information
Born in Dublin and educated at St Mary’s College Rathmines, Belvedere and University College Dublin where he was a medical student, Barry joined the Volunteers in 1917. He was captured in September 1920 while taking part in a raid on a military lorry collecting bread in Church Street during which a young British soldier was shot dead. He was court martialled and executed on 1 November 1920.
Ownership/custodial history
The Kevin Barry collection was deposited in the Archives Department, University College Dublin in 1990 by Dr Eunan O'Halpin.
Scope and content
The Collection is a relatively small but valuable body of material. Barry was only eighteen when executed for his part in the killing of three British soldiers in September 1920, and therefore had little time to generate a large body of material himself. The collection contains his school text and exercise books (P93/2-4, P93/5-8), as well as other material associated with his days at Belvedere Jesuit College, such as sports equipment. There is also some material dealing with his year at UCD where he had begun to read medicine, and his brief time in custody at Mountjoy Prison before execution (1 Nov 1920). However, the larger part of the collection was artificially generated by Kathy Barry Maloney, Barry's sister, after his death, and consists for a large part of news-cuttings and other written material commemorating his life and premature death (1921-64).
The whole collection is a very vivid record of a volatile period in modern Irish history. It captures especially well the violent baptism this country received at independence, and the esteem in which those who had died for 'the cause' were held at the time. Kevin Barry was by all accounts an enthusiastic and popular young man, and his life was shattered by involvement in the Republican struggle. The collection captures the pathos of his imprisonment and execution, but also the anarchy and violence in which Ireland of the time was engulfed.
Organisation/arrangement
The arrangement level headings and subheadings group together the material generated by Barry himself. The artificial sections of the collection do not fall as naturally into place, but have been arranged to reflect the cult which surrounded Kevin Barry's memory. Most items are chronologically listed under each heading.
Subjects
Barry, Kevin, 1902-1920
Suggested credit
"Kevin Barry Papers," held by UCD Archives. © Various copyright holders - see individual records. Digital content: © University College Dublin, published by UCD Library, University College Dublin <http://digital.ucd.ie/view/ucdlib:39106>

Related item
UCD Archives. Papers of Kathleen Barry Moloney (1896–1969). Dublin, Ireland : UCD Archives (1916-1969)
Related item
UCD Archives. Papers of Elgin O'Rahilly (1903–97). Dublin, Ireland : UCD Archives (1917-1989)
Related item
UCD Archives. Papers of Patrick Barry Moloney (1927–89). Dublin, Ireland : UCD Archives (1863-1959)
Related item
Papers of the Kevin Barry Memorial Committee. https://doi.org/doi:10.7925/drs1.ucdlib_38697
Related exhibition
UCD Library and UCD Archives. Kevin Barry: UCD Student, Irish Republican Hero. Dublin, Ireland : Google Arts & Culture (2016)

Record source
Descriptions created by staff of UCD Library, University College Dublin based on UCD Archives finding aid. Initial EAD record derived from MODS.24 July 2014

Finding aid author
Hannon, Philip

A. Early years and education

I. Birth certificate

II. St Mary's Rathmines and Belvedere College

a. Text books

b. Exercise books

c. Examination certificates

d. Other material associated with Belvedere

III. University College, Dublin

B. Incarceration and execution

I. Court Martial

II. Mountjoy Prison

III. Aftermath

a. Press reaction

b. Condemnations and condolences

C. Commemoration and remembrance

I. Early recollection by family and others

II. Ballads, poetry, songs, photographs and other material in tribute

III. Catholic journal tributes

IV. Commemorations and anniversary tributes

V. Biographical research

D. Material associated with other nationalist matters

E. Other material relating to the Barry Family and memorabilia


A.   Early years and education

I.   Birth certificate

P93/1

Copy of birth certificate of Kevin Gerard Barry (1902-10-26) [View]

    II.   St Mary's Rathmines and Belvedere College

    a.   Text books

    P93/2

    School and college geography for Irish schools : specially compiled for revised programme, 1906 (1906) [View]

      P93/3

      Histoire d'un chien (1908) [View]

        P93/4

        English literature : from A.D. 670 to A.D. 1832 (1918) [View]

          b.   Exercise books

          P93/5

          Exercise copy book (1916) [View]

            P93/6

            Exercise copy book (1917/1919) [View]

              P93/7

              Exercise copy book (1917/1919) [View]

                P93/8

                Exercise copy book (1918/1919) [View]

                  P93/9

                  Exercise copy book (1918/1919) [View]

                    P93/10

                    Exercise copy book (1918/1919) [View]

                      c.   Examination certificates

                      P93/11

                      Two certificates from the Intermediate Education Board (1917/1918) [View]

                        d.   Other material associated with Belvedere

                        P93/12

                        Diploma aggregationis in sodalitatem B.M.V. Immaculatae (1917-12-15) [View]

                          P93/13

                          Middle II topical (1918/1919) [View]

                            P93/14

                            The Belvederian (1919) [View]

                              P93/15

                              Metropolitan (Baldoyle) Races : Saturday, May 10th, 1919 (1919-05-10) [View]

                                P93/16

                                Notebook of accounts (1919-10/1920-02) [View]

                                  III.   University College, Dublin

                                  P93/17

                                  Matriculation examination, summer 1919 : admission card, timetable, and certificate (1919-06/1919-07) [View]

                                    P93/18

                                    Certificate of registration in the medical student's register (1919-10-17) [View]

                                      P93/19

                                      Dates for examinations and directions to candidates (1920) [View]


                                        B.   Incarceration and execution

                                        I.   Court Martial

                                        P93/20

                                        Court martial documents (1920-10-14/1920-10-18) [View]

                                          II.   Mountjoy Prison

                                          P93/21

                                          Typescript copy of a letter from Barry sent to 'A---' (1920-10-06) [View]

                                            P93/22

                                            Knocknagow : or the homes of Tipperary (1887) [View]

                                              P93/23

                                              Photostat copy of sworn statement made by Barry at Mountjoy Prison (1920-10-28) [View]

                                                P93/24

                                                Letters from Canon John Waters to Mrs Mary Barry (1920-11-01/1920-11-03) [View]

                                                  III.   Aftermath

                                                  a.   Press reaction

                                                  P93/25

                                                  News-cuttings reporting on the execution of Kevin Barry (1920-10/1920-11) [View]

                                                    b.   Condemnations and condolences

                                                    P93/26

                                                    Resolutions and letters of sympathy from various organisations (1920-11-03/1920-11-27) [View]

                                                      P93/27

                                                      Letters of sympathy from various individuals (1920-11-05/1921-01-10) [View]

                                                        P93/28

                                                        War against boys : Kevin Barry hanged for Ireland (1920-11) [View]


                                                          C.   Commemoration and remembrance

                                                          I.   Early recollection by family and others

                                                          P93/29

                                                          Scrapbook of news-cuttings and poetry (1920/1922) [View]

                                                            P93/30

                                                            Letters commemorating the first anniversary of Barry's death from various individuals (1921-07-29/1921-11-17) [View]

                                                              P93/31

                                                              Note from a Mrs Atkinson to Father Augustine (1923-10-10) [View]

                                                                II.   Ballads, poetry, songs, photographs and other material in tribute

                                                                P93/32

                                                                Ballads, poetry, songs, and prose written in honour of Barry (1921) [View]

                                                                  P93/33

                                                                  Songs composed to the memory of Barry (1921/1922) [View]

                                                                    P93/34

                                                                    Poems of Sinn Fein (1921/1922) [View]

                                                                      P93/35

                                                                      Commemorative photographic prints of Barry (1921/1922) [View]

                                                                        P93/36

                                                                        Freedom (1923-11-01) [View]

                                                                          III.   Catholic journal tributes

                                                                          P93/37

                                                                          The Belvederian (1921) [View]

                                                                            P93/38

                                                                            The Redwood (1921-04) [View]

                                                                              P93/39

                                                                              The lgnatian (1921-06) [View]

                                                                                P93/40

                                                                                Our boys (1921-10) [View]

                                                                                  IV.   Commemorations and anniversary tributes

                                                                                  P93/41

                                                                                  News-cuttings about the Kevin Barry memorial (1930/1934) [View]

                                                                                    P93/42

                                                                                    News-cuttings about Barry's anniversary commemorations (1931/1937) [View]

                                                                                      P93/43

                                                                                      Fragment from the Wolfe Tone Annual (1935) [View]

                                                                                        V.   Biographical research

                                                                                        P93/44

                                                                                        Letters relating to research for a book on the life of Barry (1933-12-12/1937-01-18) [View]

                                                                                          P93/45

                                                                                          Letter from Dan Barry to Mrs Barry Moloney regarding progress on a booklet about Barry (1964-11-25) [View]

                                                                                            P93/46

                                                                                            Family trees for the Dowling, Barry and Bourke families (1964) [View]


                                                                                              D.   Material associated with other nationalist matters

                                                                                              P93/47

                                                                                              A national policy : outlined by Eamon de Valera : speech delivered at the inaugural meeting of Fianna Fáil at La Scala Theatre, Dublin, May, 1926 : amplified and with complementary matter (1926) [View]

                                                                                                P93/48

                                                                                                Considerations submitted by Albert Wood, Esq., K.C., and Sean MacBride, Esq., B.L., as to why the sentence of death imposed on Thomas MacCurtain by the Special Military Court on the 13th day of June 1940 should not be carried out (1940-06-18) [View]

                                                                                                  P93/49

                                                                                                  Extract from the National Student journal containing an appreciation of Eoin MacNeil (1945-10) [View]


                                                                                                    E.   Other material relating to the Barry Family and memorabilia

                                                                                                    P93/50

                                                                                                    Copy book of school notes belonging to Thomas Barry (1864-11/1866-01) [View]

                                                                                                      P93/51

                                                                                                      Family group photograph (1920/1921) [View]

                                                                                                        P93/53

                                                                                                        Belvedere College cap (1910/1919) [View]

                                                                                                          P93/54

                                                                                                          Athletic suit (1910/1919) [View]

                                                                                                            P93/55

                                                                                                            Hurling ball (1910/1919) [View]

                                                                                                              P93/56

                                                                                                              Cricket ball (1910/1919) [View]

                                                                                                                P93/57

                                                                                                                Set of field glasses and case (1910/1919) [View]


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                                                                                                                  Copyright of original resource Various copyright holders - see individual records

                                                                                                                  Copyright of digital resource University College Dublin