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Press Photographs of Eamon de Valera (1882–1975)

Abstract Press Photographs of Eamon de Valera (1882-1975) taken from the Papers of Eamon de Valera (P150).

In collection

Date
1919/1979
Genre
Photographs
Extent
61 items
Type of resource
still image
Location of original
Original items are located in UCD Archives.
Repository
UCD Archives
Irish Virtual Research Library and Archive
Repository reference
P150/PH
Language
English
Biographical History
Born in New York but brought up in Limerick, de Valera studied mathematics at the Royal University. In 1908 he joined the Gaelic League and remained dedicated to the Irish language. He joined the Irish Volunteers in 1913 and during the rebellion of 1916 commanded the 3rd Battalion at Boland's Mill. Sentenced to death, de Valera was reprieved partly because of his American birth.
On his release from prison in 1917, de Valera was elected MP for East Clare and became president of both Sinn Féin and the Irish Volunteers. In 1918 he and other Sinn Féin leaders were arrested for complicity in an alleged German plot. He escaped from Lincoln jail in February 1919 and was elected president of the first Dáil. In June 1919 he went to America and raised over $5 million for the republican cause but failed to obtain American recognition for the republic. His visit also led to a bitter power struggle with the leaders of the Irish-American movement, John Devoy and Judge Cohalan.
After his return from America in December 1920, de Valera's relationship with Michael Collins, who had effectively masterminded the IRA campaign in his absence, came under strain as differences emerged over the conduct of the Anglo-Irish War. These were accentuated when de Valera decided not to lead the Irish delegation that negotiated the Anglo-Irish treaty. There have been two opposing interpretations of this decision. The more hostile view is that he allowed Collins to take the responsibility for what he knew would be a partial surrender. His own explanation was that by staying in Dublin he could better preserve national unity and ensure general acceptance of any agreement reached.
De Valera rejected the Anglo-Irish treaty and resigned as president following its acceptance by the Dáil. In the run-up to the Civil War, he found himself sidelined by more hard-line opponents of the treaty, who distrusted his alternative of external association, while attracting fierce criticism from pro-treaty supporters for his inflammatory speeches. After civil war broke out in June 1922, his attempts to maintain a republican political organisation were rebuffed by the republican military leaders, particularly Liam Lynch. Lynch's death enabled de Valera to reassert some control and in May 1923 the war ended. in August 1923 he was arrested and spent a year in jail.
After his release, de Valera became increasingly dissatisfied with Sinn Féin's political abstention and in 1926 he formed a new party, Fianna Fáil. In 1927 he reluctantly took the oath of allegiance and entered the Free State Dáil. He spent much of the next five years building up the party organisation to a formidable machine and establishing a newspaper, the Irish Press.
Fianna Fáil's election victory in 1932 marked the beginning of sixteen years in power during which de Valera was both prime minister and Minister for external affairs. Policies of promoting small-scale tillage farming and industrial development behind high tariff walls, reinforced by the Economic War, reflected the traditional nationalist goal of economic self-sufficiency. On the political front, de Valera saw off the threat from both the Blueshirts and the IRA and in 1937 his new constitution was enacted.In foreign affairs de Valera achieved some notable successes. The Economic War was concluded in 1938 on very favourable terms and at the League of Nations de Valera was president of both the council and the assembly.
During the Second World War Irish neutrality caused friction with the allies but had overwhelming popular support. After the war, the economy and emigration were serious problems. During 1948-51 and 1954-7 Fianna Fáil lost power to interparty governments. Fianna Fáil won the 1957 election with a big majority and in the last two years of de Valera's political career the First Programme for Economic Expansion was implemented. In 1959 he resigned as Taoiseach and ensured the succession for Lemass. He served two terms as president 1959-73.
Custodial History
Mr de Valera bequeathed all of his personal non-family papers to the Order of Friars Minor five years before his death. The collection was housed in the Franciscan Library Killiney, County Dublin before its transfer to UCDA in July 1997 under the terms of the OFM-UCD Partnership.
Acquisition Information
Mr de Valera bequeathed all of his personal non-family papers to the Order of Friars Minor five years before his death. The collection was housed in the Franciscan Library Killiney, County Dublin before its transfer to UCDA in July 1997 under the terms of the OFM-UCD Partnership.
Scope and Content
Press photographs relating to to all aspects of Mr de Valera’s career and personal life. Includes photographs of his wedding anniversary to Sinéad de Valera; visit to Lourdes and meetings with dignitaries.
Arrangement
This collection has been taken from the de Valera Papers.
Subjects
De Valera, Eamonn, 1882-1975
Rites and ceremonies
Visits of state
Aiken, Frank, 1898-1983

Related Material
P150 Papers of Eamon de Valera (1882–1975)
P155 Papers of Kathleen O'Connell (1888–1956), his personal secretary.

Record source
Finding Aid encoded in EAD by the Irish Virtual Research Library and Archive (IVRLA) - A.C. and RM, November 2009

Finding aid author
Helen Hewson
1. [Photographs of de Valera in the robes of the Chancellor of the National University of Ireland.] [View...]
2. [One mounted photograph of de Valera at a ceremony with an audience of college faculty.] [View...]
3. [Photographs of Eamon and Sinéad de Valera and family on the occasion of their fiftieth wedding anniversary.] [View...]
4. [Photograph of Eamon and Sinéad de Valera on their Diamond wedding anniversary.] [View...]
5. [Prints of Boland's Mill Garrison, taken at Áras an Uachtaráin, after reception by de Valera in 1961.] [View...]
6. [Photograph of Commandant Joseph O'Connor, with unknown individual.] [View...]
7. [Prints of de Valera and Harry Boland sitting together in an open carriage.] [View...]
8. [Prints of Loughnavale, Strand Road, Merrion.] [View...]
9. [Print of front exterior of 'Glenvar Mt. Merrion Ave, Blackrock.] [View...]
10. [Colour photograph of the Four Courts (1970s).] [View...]
11. [Photographs of de Valera's visit to the Dominican House, Rome] [View...]
12. [Photographs (possibly taken during the 1932 Eucharistic Congress held in Dublin).] [View...]
13. [Press photograph of de Valera accompanied by Frank Aiken, Seán MacEntee, Gerald and Kevin Boland, Vivion de Valera and five unidentified individuals arriving by boat at Spike Island, Cobh, Co. Cork.] [View...]
14. [Photograph of Lord Louis Mountbatten, President Seán T. O'Kelly, de Valera and (Jack McCann).] [View...]
15. [Photograph of Rev. Dr. Thomas Morris consecration, Archbishop of Cashel.] [View...]
16. [Studio portrait of Cardinal D'Alton and photograph of Cardinal D'Alton and de Valera on the boarding steps of an Aer Lingus plane.] [View...]
17. [Photographs of Rev. Dr. Daniel Mannix, Archbishop of Melbourne.] [View...]
18. [Photograph of de Valera kissing the ring of Cardinal Gregory Peter XV Agagianian, Papal Legate to the Patrician Congress.] [View...]
19. [De Valera and religious at plane (prior to departure).] [View...]
20. [Frank Aiken, Minister for External Affairs, chatting with Mrs. Sally de Valera, wife of Dr. Eamon de Valera and the Taoiseach.] [View...]
21. [De Valera with his grandchildren Máire and Eamon, children of Dr. Eamon de Valera.] [View...]
22. [Frank Aiken, de Valera and Major Vivion de Valera walking across the tarmac at Dublin Airport.] [View...]
23. [Dr. Eamon de Valera, the Taoiseach and Fr. Benedict O.D.C boarding the plane.] [View...]
24. [De Valera presenting a scholarship to a little girl, captioned on front 'Pres. of Gaeltacht Scholarships by President de Valera at Phoenix Park Depot.] [View...]
25. [Official press photograph of President de Valera on the telephone to mark his 77th birthday.] [View...]
26. [De Valera with Seamus Brennan and Seán Dowling at Kilmainham Jail.] [View...]
27. [De Valera with Seamus Brennan and Seán Dowling at Kilmainham Jail.] [View...]
28. [Commandant William Corri, former Governor of the jail and de Valera standing inside the door of his cell.] [View...]
29. [Photograph of a wall-mounted commemorative display of sketches and prints of the leaders of the 1916 Rising.] [View...]
30. [Photograph of de Valera in State Coach on way to Killarney.] [View...]
31. [Photograph of President de Valera, King Baudouin and Queen Fabiola at State Dinner given in Dublin Castle.] [View...]
32. [File on President de Valera's official opening of the new Coláiste Uladh at Gortahork, Co. Donegal.] [View...]
33. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
34. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
35. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
36. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
37. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
38. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
39. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
40. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
41. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
42. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
43. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
44. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
45. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
46. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
47. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
48. [Press photographs of de Valera's one day visit to Lourdes on Easter Sunday 1971.] [View...]
49. [Group photograph of members of the Women Writers' Club and Dorothy Macardle.] [View...]
50. [Mounted press photograph of Macardle.] [View...]
51. [Photograph of de Valera and Macardle examining a copy of Macardle's The Irish Republic.] [View...]
52. [Photograph of 1916 Commemoration Ceremony at Arbour Hill Barracks.] [View...]
53. [Photograph of de Valera in evening dress speaking with (an unidentified University President).] [View...]
54. [Photograph of de Valera amidst a crowd of men and one woman.] [View...]
55. [Photograph of Taoiseach de Valera reviewing a young troop (F.C.A.).] [View...]
56. [Photograph of [President] de Valera with a group of unidentified [seminarians]. Copyright: The Irish Press.] [View...]
57. [Photograph of President de Valera surrounded by a huge crowd, leaving an unidentified building, flying the Papal flag.] [View...]
58. [Photograph of President de Valera surrounded by a huge crowd, leaving an unidentified building, flying the Papal flag.] [View...]
59. [Photograph of President de Valera surrounded by a huge crowd, leaving an unidentified building.] [View...]
60. [Photograph of President de Valera kissing the ring of Rev. Dr. John Charles McQuaid Archbishop of Dublin.] [View...]
61. [Photograph of President de Valera taking tea with two unidentified men.] [View...]

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